Preeclampsia entails great complications for pregnant women, whereby the latter have increased blood pressure and excretion of proteins in urine. A study by the University of Mauritius (UoM) had as purpose to examine the causes of preeclampsia. Furthermore, researchers have suggested for a blood test to be done in order to forecast the occurrence of preeclampsia even prior to the emergence of symptoms. As is established for many health complication, the earlier they can be identified, the better can doctors deal with the treatment; in this case, the better will pregnant women find a balance.
Pregnancy depicts one of the most beautiful relationships in our earthly life – that between a mother and her child. The fragility of juvenile life and the intimacy with which foetuses interact with their mother are just mind-blowing. This utter dazzling beauty of it all, however, does not come without hardships. Pregnant women experience extreme difficulties so that life comes into this world. Healthy women themselves have to undergo through great strains. Now, imagine what do pregnant women who go through complications have to bear. One of these liabilities is preeclampsia, a condition whereby the pregnant woman develops high blood pressure, while losing much protein in urine. Preeclampsia is characterised by sudden increases in weight, abdominal pain, and migraines.
Numerous studies have been done to shed light on the nature of preeclampsia in pregnant women. To fit in the trend, the University of Mauritius (UoM) has carried out a study on this very subject in 2011, led by Dr Dawonauth – now, 3 years later, the results have been made public. The project was financed by the Mauritius Research Council (MRC). A huge investment was needed to fuel the research works: around Rs 1.1 million allowed for the realisation of the project to examine 1050 pregnant women. The purpose of the study was to determine the causes of preeclampsia.
One of the recommendations that has been proposed is the drafting of a protocol with the help of experts in order to clearly spell out national directives to be applied in public and private hospitals for the evaluation of pregnant women’s health states. For instance, a blood test would potentially allow for the forecast of the prevalence of preeclampsia in patients 4 weeks before the appearance of symptoms. Hence, the blood test would be extremely beneficial if included in a protocol of diagnosis for all pregnant women. In the future, the blood test could also make its way into the National Guidelines for all obstetricians practicing in the island.