Among the challenges the island has to face in our contemporary world context is the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. In order to tackle the situation efficiently, certain measures will soon be taken by the authorities to educate the population and assist those in need of help.
Cardiovascular diseases have gradually grown to be at the heart of our primary concerns. The modern lifestyles dictating the health of societies all across the globe have accounted for increases in the incidence of non-communicable diseases like heart ailments. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 30 % of deaths all around the world are associated with cardiovascular diseases, such that around 23.6 million people are expected to lose their lives as a result thereof by 2030.
Mauritius is no exception to this global trend: in 2013, the percentage of deaths linked to heart diseases was at 17.7 %. This is considered to be better than the statistics of 2005, when the number was at 22.8 %. However, in spite of the slight decrease, the situation remains critical: heart diseases are still behind the great proportion of patients being admitted in hospitals. Cases of young people, including women, affected by cardiovascular diseases are still on the increase.
The director of the Cardiac Center and president of the Heart Foundation, Sunil Gunness, who is also a heart surgeon, stated that the preventive measures are not working. He argued that either the population itself is not receptive to them, or the authorities are not doing their part of the job adequately. He also added that perhaps the problem lies in the ease with which people indulge in activities that confer on them the vulnerability of contracting heart diseases, like smoking and street-food buying.
In the light of this, the Sainte-Clothilde Clinic from Reunion Island, will provide the required assistance to Mauritius in order to deal with the current situation more effectively. A center will be set up to allow for patients to have a more in-depth follow-up, and to arm them with the necessary knowledge so that they are able to adhere to a healthier lifestyle.
Another preventive measure to be put into force is the School Health Programme whereby pupils of the primary and secondary cycles of education will be sensitised concerning healthy eating, with additional focus on the importance of physical exercise.