Evidence of Early Metal Working In the Canadian Arctic

A hollow stone cylinder discovered over half a century ago is now believed to be a metal working tool, brought to north America by Vikings, over 1,000 years-ago.

viking

The interior of the stone container was found to have particles of bronze and a type of glass that is produced from rock being super heated.

Scientists have determined that this odd, ancient artifact is a Viking crucible, used to melt and work metals. Researchers also theorize that at the time when the crucible was created, the indigenous people of north America lacked the knowledge and skill for metal working capabilities.

The discovery of the crucible was made in the Bafflin region of the Canadian arctic, over 50 years-ago. It is theorized that this region was often traversed by Vikings while on endeavors to collect furs and walrus ivory.

These findings were originally published in the journal Geoarchaeology, On December 1, 2014.

The Bafflin Enclaves of the Canadian Artic

Less than 400 km separates the distance between the Viking regions of Greenland and the Bafflin islands region of the Canadian arctic. Although little has been recorder by the Viking people themselves, evidence of their travels in north America have clearly stated their presence, long before Columbus had discovered the new world in 1492.

This portion of north America was refered to as ‘Hellund’ by the Viking people. Sites in the Bafflin region have dated Viking colonies to the area at around 1,000 AD. At the time of VIking colonization the area was populated by the fair-skinned Dorset Eskimo people, who is noted to be culturally distinct from the Inuit people. The remains of the Dorset people have been found to posses artifacts that were crafted by northern Europeans, possibly Vikings.

Many ancient colonial Viking sites have been excavated in the north-eastern Canadian arctic, scientific investigation began as far back as the 1960’s. One particular site discovered on the cape Tanfield localities consisted of a massive stone structure, composed of boulders and earth piled into straight walls. This site is considered to be completely alien to the indigenous people of the area.

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