Early Sunday Morning a panel of nearly 200 hundred countries reached an agreement on the state of global warming, the results left some parties unsatisfied.
The conference held in Lima, Peru, has been determined to be a preliminary meeting and is being considered a precursor to a more ‘difficult’ multinational commune next year, to be set in Paris. The following meeting will produce international commitments on the reduction of greenhouse gasses and what the participating countries plans are to maintain under the 2C temperature threshold.
Ed Davey, the Energy Climate Change Secretary stated in regard to the convention:
” The Lima deal unlocks the door to the big climate change deal that we need in Paris next year. It’s been tough and we stayed up all night to reach this deal, but we have to do it for our children and grand children.”
This meeting is the first one of its kind to seat both developing and industrialized nations together, in hopes to construct a method to avoid the global calamity, predicted to occur by the year 2100.
In the deal, every participating country is responsible to submit their own plans for addressing their own countries greenhouse gas emissions. Each country’s submission is due by March,31 of 2015.
The content and commitment of each country’s plan is completely voluntary, meaning that every country on the panel is on the ‘honor system’. As of yet no talk of penalties for a violation of time frame or breach of agreement has been appointed for nations who agreed to participate in the deal.
China, the European Union and the US have already vowed pledges to lower their greenhouse gas emissions by as late as 2030 and as much as 40 percent.
Not all countries are dictated to pledge an equal reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The logic behind this portion of the deal is to promote developing nations to continue their efforts toward industrialization and building their economic standing. For example, India, who has approximately 400 million people without electricity will not be requested to pledge as high of a percentage of greenhouse gas reductions as a more developed nation like the US or Germany. Countries are expected to explain how their pledges are to be considered both ‘fair’ and ‘ambitious’.
Optimistically, the world conference, in Lima, is a step in the right direction to contain the greenhouse gas emissions before the 2C threshold is reached, but environmental and climate activists have stated their disgust of the multinational agreement. The consensus of the activist community is that neither will these pledges or the meeting scheduled for next year produce solid results.